Dr Erica Moret

Designation: Senior Researcher; International Sanctions

Dr Erica Moret is Senior Researcher at the Centre for Global Governance and Visiting Lecturer at the Department of International Relations/ Political Science at the Graduate Institute, Geneva.  She is the coordinator and co-founder of the Geneva International Sanctions Network (GISN) and Associate Editor of the Journal of Global Security Studies. She holds a DPhil (PhD) from the University of Oxford, where her research focused on the health and socioeconomic impacts of US sanctions on Cuba. A former diplomat, she is also a graduate of France’ Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA), where she specialised on European Union foreign and security policy. 

Dr Moret is a leading expert on sanctions, and particularly on how these ever popular instruments of foreign and security policy interface with humanitarian considerations. Her research has included that of lead/ sole author in peer reviewed journals, book chapters and policy publications on a range of EU foreign policy, global governance, international security, humanitarian and sanctions-related topics, including in relation to Russia, Iran, Syria, North Korea, Venezuela and Cuba, and in connection with financial sector over-compliance or “de-risking”, cyber security, chemical weapons abuses, conflict resolution, nuclear non-proliferation, Brexit, disinformation, cryptocurrencies and informal governance. 

She wrote one of the first peer-review articles that sought to examine the likely humanitarian ramifications of broadened EU sanctions on Syria and Iran (European Security, 2015) and has served as an independent expert and advisor on this wider subject to the EU and UN (including to the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, UNICEF & the Human Rights Council). Since 2015, she has organised consultations on the humanitarian situation in Syria on behalf of the Swiss government and in 2019/2020 she convened the “Compliance Dialogue on Syria-Related Humanitarian Payments”, a project run through the Graduate Institute; funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, and supported by the European Commission, Directorate General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO) and the World Bank (https://www.graduateinstitute.ch/index.php/communications/news/compliance-dialogue-syria-related-humanitarian-payments). She has provided tailored training on these areas for the United Nations Security Council’s high-level sanctions course (2019/20; of which she was a core teaching team member) and the University of the West Indies Diplomatic Academy (2020).  She has spoken on the same subject at the Oxford University Strategic Studies Group and has taught the IHEID Masters lecture series on “International Sanctions in a Changing Geopolitical Order” since 2020. She has also advised the Canadian, French, German and UK governments on their sanctions policies, including providing evidence to Inquiries for both UK Houses of Parliament and serving on various high-level EU task forces.  

From 1 October 2020, Dr Moret acts as Project Lead on a two-year Swiss Network of International Studies (SNIS)-funded project entitled “When Money Can’t Buy Food and Medicine: Banking Challenges in the International Trade of Vital Goods and their Humanitarian Impact in Sanctioned Jurisdictions” (https://www.graduateinstitute.ch/index.php/research-centres/global-governance-centre/when-money-cant-buy-food-and-medicine-banking-challenges).  The project employs a mixed-method approach and works closely with a team of humanitarian actors, sanctions experts and international law scholars to explore challenges faced by medical and food companies, as well as humanitarian organisations, in operating in “unbanked” jurisdictions under sanctions and wider regulations. She is also employed on the European Research Council (ERC) Project “Bombs, Banks and Sanctions”, led by Professor Grégoire Mallard, to plan a Special Issue in a leading law or International Relations journal on the topic of sanctions, COVID-19, humanitarian access and international law.  As a seasoned public speaker, Dr Moret chaired a webinar panel in June 2020 exploring the unique humanitarian challenges faced by heavily sanctioned countries in light of the new coronavirus pandemic (https://www.graduateinstitute.ch/covid-webinar-sanctions) and regularly moderates other high-level events, including lectures given by former heads of state and other leading public figures.